It’s a hard topic to talk about. There’s a lot of taboo around the subject and people are always unsure of what they can and can’t say. However, the silence around the subject only makes things worse. The more we openly talk about suicide, the easier it gets to create a safe space that people can come to if they feel as if ending their life is their only option.
This National Suicide Prevention Awareness Month, make it your mission to learn more. Here are a few things you should know about suicide in order to help yourself and help others:
1. Suicide Facts
Suicide is the number one leading health-related cause of death amongst youth in Canada, accounting for 24% of deaths among those aged 15-24 years.
According to the World Health Organization, 800,000 people die by suicide each year. That is nearly 1 suicide every 40 seconds.
A quarter million people become suicide survivors each year in the United States alone.
[Read Related: Pratyusha Banerjee and the Problem with How We Discuss Suicide]
2. Common Myths About Suicide
Myth: Suicide only happens to those who are unsuccessful in life.
Reality: Suicidal thoughts can come to anyone who is going through abnormal stress and/or suffering from mental distress. People of any culture, race, ethnicity, education, or income can be affected by suicidal thoughts or die by suicide.
Myth: Once a person decides to take their life, there is nothing you can do to stop them.
Reality: This is not true. Suicidal thoughts are abnormal and they change constantly. A person can feel okay one day, but their thoughts can get worse the next. It is important to reach out for help if you are experiencing suicidal thoughts.
Myth: Antidepressants can increase the risk of suicide in youth.
Reality: As suicidal thoughts often stem from mental illness or extreme mental distress, antidepressants actually help with symptoms of depression and decrease the risk of suicide.
For more information, visit Teen Mental Health.
3. Why Would Someone Consider Suicide?
As mentioned before, thoughts of suicide stem from mental distress and excessive stress disorders. Thinking about suicide is not a normal response to stress and grief, and should always be taken seriously. Suicide is often misunderstood and people are unable to see what leads to this point. Many people believe it is a cry for attention, but in reality, suicidal thoughts arise from very complex reasons. External help from a therapist or counselor is needed.
For more information, visit Jack.org.
[Read Related: Dear Diary, I Chose Suicide But I Didn’t Choose Death]
4. Warning Signs
Some of the common signs indicating that someone is considering suicide are:
- Thoughts of suicide (this can include thoughts of taking your life or wishing extreme harm upon yourself)
- Actions to self-harm
- Giving away valued possessions
- Frequently talking about death
- Intense hopelessness and sadness
- Withdrawal from family and friends
[Photo Source: facebook.com/WeRSickNotWeak]
5. How to ask someone if they are suicidal
Just ask. You can say:
“Hey, I really care about you and I want to help you. I just want to know, are you thinking of harming yourself or suicide?”
Many people are scared to say the word “suicide” and dance around the subject, but that makes things worse. It is more likely that a person will open up to you and tell you the truth if you ask them directly. Also, it’s important to note that asking or talking about suicide will not put the idea in someone’s head. As mentioned before, suicidal thoughts usually start from abnormal mental distress.
For more information, read the Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training (ASIST) manual.
6. What to do if you or someone else is thinking of suicide
If you or someone you know is having suicidal thoughts, it is best to reach out to a health professional right away. This could be talking to your doctor or reaching out to a therapist or a counselor. If someone has just disclosed to you that they are thinking of hurting themselves and are an immediate danger to themselves or others, call 9-1-1 or your emergency services number right away.
Also, stay with them. Listen to what they have to say and be there for them. Let them know that they are not alone and that you are there for them. It is not your job to solve their problems, but you can connect them to help. If you can, stay with them until they can speak to a professional.
For more information, visit the Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention (CASP).
7. Don’t say they “committed suicide”
People don’t commit suicide, they die by suicide; “committing suicide” makes it sound like it was a rational decision. Also, this terminology started when suicide was punishable by law and, though that has changed, the term commonly persists and still sounds very criminal.
Suicide comes from pain and distress. Using the right language is really important to aid in erasing the stigma around the topic of suicide. This is a real problem that affects people all around the world and should be talked about more often.
Read more on why you shouldn’t use this terminology here.